National Timeline – Events in Great Britain from 1839

1800

Year Event

1842

Chartist riots in England.

1845

John Henry Newman becomes a Catholic.

1846

Cornelia Connelly establishes the Society of the Holy Child Jesus in

Nottingham Road, Derby.

1847

Emily Bronte publishes “Wuthering Heights”.
The Factory Act in Great Britain limits work to 10 hours per day.

1848

Public Health Act in Britain

1850

The Re-establishment of the Catholic Hierarchy in England.

1851

Paxton designs the Crystal Palace in London.

1852

The Duke of Wellington dies on 14th September.

1854

The Crimean War begun against the Russians. Florence Nightingale and the Sisters of Mercy nurse there.

1855

Charlotte Bronte, novelist, dies.

1857

Victoria and Albert Museum opens in London.

1858

David Livingstone explores Central Africa.
Great Eastern Railway completed in Britain.

1859

Charles Darwin writes “The Origin of the Species”.

1860

British Open Golf Championships begin.
First Underground railway in the world opens in London.

1863

English Football Association started.

1865

Joseph Lister initiates antiseptic surgery.

1867

Parliamentary Reform Act extends the electorate. Gave many urban

working class men the vote. Agricultural labourers and domestic servants had to wait another seventeen years.

1870

Charles Dickens the novelist dies.
Elementary education introduced in Britain.
Married Women’s Property Act extends the rights of women.

1873

David Livingstone, explorer and missionary dies.

1874

Benjamin Disraeli becomes Prime Minister.

1875

Benjamin Disraeli, MP, buys shares in the Suez Canal. Suez Canal comes under British control.
Captain Webb becomes the first person to swim the English Channel.

1876

Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone.

1878

The first electric street lighting begins in London.

1880

The Natural History Museum opened in London.

1882

Charles Darwin, writer of the Theory of Natural Selection, dies.
Britain occupies Egypt after battle.

1888

Dunlop produces pneumatic tyre commercially in England.

1889

Britain acquires Rhodesia.

1894

William Booth, founder of the Salvation Army publishes “In Darkest England”.

1895

First motor show in London.

1900

Year Event

1901

Queen Victoria dies. She had reigned for 63 years.

1906

British Labour Party founded.

1907

Suffragettes march on Parliament.

1909

British begin oil drilling in Iran.
Old Age Pensions established.

Vaughan Williams composes his “Sea Symphony”.

1911

National Insurance provides sickness benefits in Britain.

1912

Stainless steel invented in England by Harold Brearley.

1914

First World War begins.

1916

Easter Rising in Dublin.

1922

TS Eliot publishes “The Waste Land”.

1924

First Labour Government formed under Ramsay MacDonald.
Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister.

1926

British General Strike.

1927

First transatlantic telephone links between London and New York.
British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) founded.

1928

Vote extended to women over 21 years old in UK.

1929

Experimental TV programme launched in England.

1932

Aldous Huxley writes “Brave New World”.

1933

Polythene developed in Britain.

1934

Cat’s eye road markers invented in Britain.

1939

Second World War begins.

1943

TS Eliot publishes “Four Quartets”.

Colossus computer in England cracks the Enigma code used by Germany.

1953

Dylan Thomas writes “Under Milk Wood”.

1955

First hovercraft patented in the UK.

1962

Second Vatican Council begins in Rome.

1964

Labour Party wins the British election. BBC 2 TV starts in the UK.

1965

Sir Winston Churchill dies.

1966

England wins the FA World Cup.

1969

The opening of the Victoria Line tube. The QE2 sets off on her maiden

voyage. Colour TV starts on BBC1 and ITV.

1971

Decimal coinage starts in Britain on 15th February.

1973

Britain, Ireland and Denmark join the European Community (EEC).

1974

Coal miners go on strike.

1975

Supersonic air travel now possible – Concorde. Margaret Thatcher replaces Edward Heath as Leader of the Conservative Party.

1977

The Silver Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II.

1982

England involved in the Falklands War with Argentina.

1983

Breakfast TV starts in Britain. Philips launch the Compact Disc.

1984

The miners strike against Margaret Thatcher. The AIDS virus is identified.
The first woman walks in space – Kathy Sullivan.

1986

The Live Aid benefit concert is held.

1988

The Lockerbie air disaster in Scotland.

1990

Margaret Thatcher resigns as Prime Minister. John Major takes over.

1994

Church of England ordains women priests.

1999

Digital TV is launched.

2000

Year Event

2000

The Queen Mother celebrates her 100th birthday.

2002

Queen Mother dies in April. Golden Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II.